Micromechatronics, Inc. (MMech)

www.mmech.com - Ph: 814-861-5688

SA Stack Actuators

150V Piezoelectric Stack Actuators

SA Stack lg



Prod. ModelRange +/-10%Lgth (1)Cross SectCap. +/-20%MassBlock ForceStiff.Res. Freq.
SA030305 5.6 5 3x3 0.140 0.53 330 80 300
SA030310 14 10 3x3 0.300 1.1 330 33 150
SA030318 25 18 3x3 0.500 2.0 330 18 83
SA050510 14 10 5x5 0.630 2.0 900 108 150
SA050520 31 20 5x5 1.8 4.0 900 41 74
SA050536 56 36 5x5 4.3 7.1 900 28 42
SA070718 28 18 7x7 4.1 7.0 1800 120 83
SA070742 70 42 7x7 10 15 1800 51 36

(1) Length tolerance is +/-0.05 mm


The PiezoDrive SA stack actuators are high-performance piezoelectric stack actuators with a UV cured epoxy coating for improved mechanical and humidity protection. The SA actuators are matched to the range of PiezoDrive amplifiers and driver modules. Applications include: Nanopositioning, Microscopy, Precision Machining, Vibration Control, Hydraulic Pumps, Valves, and Optics.

keypad_sm Calculate Power Bandwidth

External Insulation

The SA actuators can be supplied with a thermoplastic sleeve which provides additional mechanical protection and insulates the electrode contacts. For this option, add “-B” to the part number, e.g., “SA050510-B”. Minimum order quantities and lead-times apply, except for the SA050510-B and SA050536-B which are available from stock.


Stack actuators should not be exposed to significant tensile loads, unequally distributed loads, off-axis loads, bending moments, or torque. To reduce mounting errors, a ceramic or stainless steel ball end can be used to interface the stack actuator to the load. Flexural mechanisms are also recommended.

Suitable adhesives for low temperature operation include cyanoacrylate, e.g. superglue gel, and general-purpose two-part epoxies, e.g. Loctite 3430. In applications where heat dissipation or operation at elevated temperature is required, Loctite 9466 is recommended.

The maximum recommended tensile load is 10% of the blocking force. In applications that require bi-directional forces or high-speed motion, a preload force is recommended with a magnitude greater than the maximum tensile load. This guarantees that the actuator is always in compression. The maximum recommended preload is 50% of the blocking force.

Stack mtg lg


Ball Ends

PiezoDrive stack actuators can be supplied with ceramic ball ends to improve the load distribution, simplify the mounting, and reduce bending moments during service. One or two ball ends can be specified by adding one of the following suffixes to the order code: -TBE (Top Ball End), -BBE (Bottom Ball End), or -2BE (Both Ball Ends). E.g. SA070718-2BE.

stack ball med

Actuator WidthBall End DiameterAdditional Length
3 mm 3 mm 3 mm
5 mm 5 mm 5 mm
7 mm 6.5 mm 6.5 mm


The range is specified for an applied voltage of -30V to +150V. If the input voltage is unipolar (0V to +150V) the specified range is reduced by a factor of 0.75. When a stack actuator is driving a stiff spring, the range is reduced by the factor

Spring Factor sm

where kp is the actuator stiffness and kL is the load stiffness.

The travel range can also be reduced by restraining the end plates, e.g. by bonding the actuator to a stiff base. This effect is most significant in actuators that have a length less than twice the width.


The actuator capacitance is the small-signal capacitance measured at room temperature. Due to hysteresis, the effective capacitance increases with applied voltage. When operating at full range, the effective capacitance is approximately twice the small-signal capacitance. The capacitance also increases with temperature. A temperature increase of approximately 50 degrees C will double the effective capacitance.


Piezoelectric actuators dissipate heat when driven at full range with a high frequency. PiezoDrive actuators can be operated continuously at temperatures up to 85 degrees C. Continuous operation beyond this temperature may damage the actuator.

The dissipated heat is approximately 10% of the applied electrical power. For a sine-wave, the applied electrical power is:

Applied Power rings sm

Electrical Current Requirements

keypad_sm Calculate Power Bandwidth

The required current is I=C dV/dt where I is the current, C is the effective capacitance, and dV/dt is the voltage rate of change. For a sine-wave, the required peak current is equal to:

Sine wave Peak Curr sm

where Vp-p is the peak-to-peak voltage. For a triangle wave, the required peak current is equal to:

Tri wave Peak Curr sm

Recommended Drivers

PDm200B General purpose, low cost
MX200 High Current, Low noise, low cost
PDu150 Ultra-low noise
PD200 High speed, low noise
PX200 High current, low noise


Connecting Wires

All of the connecting wires are 100mm AWG26 PTFE insulated wires, except for the SA030306 actuator which has 15mm leads. Other lengths are available on request. Red identifies the positive terminal.

Vacuum Compatibility

The SA Actuators are supplied with a UV cured epoxy coating, with or without a thermoplastic sleeve. Both coatings and the wiring insulation meet the outgassing requirements for NASA SP-R-0022A.

Options/OEM Customization

  • Ceramic ball ends (Order suffix - 1BE or 2BE)
  • Custom range and dimensions
  • Custom wiring arrangement/connectors
  • Preload or mechanical amplifier mechanisms


The total stack dimensions are based on the width and length of the ceramic listed in the specifications. The length specification includes the piezoelectric stack and two 1-mm thick ceramic end plates. The length tolerance is +/- 0.05 mm.

Stack details Lg

Piezoelectric Properties

The piezoelectric material is similar to PZT-5H and Navy Type VI.

Piezoelectric constants d33 600 10-12 m/V
d31 -270 10-12 m/V
g33 19.4 10-3 Vm/N
g31 -9.2 10-3 Vm/N
Electro-mechanical coupling coefficients Kp 0.65 NA
Kt 0.37 NA
K31 0.38 NA
Frequency constant Np 1980 Hz-m
Nt 1950 Hz-m
N31 1450 Hz-m
Elastic constant Y33 5.3 1010 N/m2
Y11 7.2 1010 N/m2
Q Factor Qm 80 NA
Dielectric constant e33/e0 3500 @1 kHz
Dissapation factor tan δ 2.5 % @ 1 kHz
Curie Temperature Tc 220 C
Density ρ 7.8 g/cm3
Density α 3.5 ppm/C





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101 Innovation Blvd. Suite 308
State College, PA 16803, USA
Ph: (814)-861-5688