Micromechatronics, Inc. (MMech)

www.mmech.com - Ph: 814-861-5688

PDu150 Three Channel Ultra-Low Noise 150V

Piezoelectric Drivers


pdf-icon_smPDu150 Specifications

keypad_sm Calculate Power Bandwidth PDu150


PDu150 Specifications
Power Supply +24 V (+/-10%)
Output Voltage -30 V to +150 V
Peak Current 100 mA (300 mA single channel)
RMS Current 78 mA (235 mA single channel)
Power Bandwidth 80 kHz (150 Vp-p)
Signal Bandwidth 180 kHz
Slew Rate 38 V/us
Gain 20 V/V
Input Impedance 9.16 kOhm (Input), 3.3 kOhm (Offset)
Input Offset +/- 5 mV
Load Unlimited
Output Noise 26 uV RMS (1 uF load, 0.03 Hz to 1 MHz)
Protection Short circuit, over-current, and temperature
Quiescent Current 100 mA (10 mA in shutdown)
Connectors Screw terminals (AWG 20-30)
Dimensions 76 x 40 x 44 mm (L x W x H)
Environment 0C to 60C (-40F to 140F)
Weight 80 grams


The PDu150 is a complete miniaturized power supply and ultra-low noise driver for up to three 100V, 120V or 150V piezoelectric stack actuators. Output currents up to 100mA per channel are developed at frequencies up to 80 kHz with very low noise. With a capacitive load, the peak-to-peak resolution exceeds one part-per-million or 20-bit, which suits demanding applications in semiconductor machinery, scanning probe microscopy, optics, vibration control, and nanopositioning.

The PDu150 is protected against short-circuit, average current overload, and excessive temperature. Passive cooling is available for low power applications or the integrated fan can be used for power dissipations above 5W. The PDu150 can be mounted with four M2.5 screws. The PCB mounting version (PDu150-PCB) is supplied with headers for direct mounting onto a host motherboard.

Connection Diagram

Conn V2 Lg3

Connection Diagram
G Ground
EN Enable
OS Offset
R- -2V Reference
R+ +10V Reference


The amplifiers have differential inputs where the negative input can be connected to an external reference or the internal offset generator. A precision +10V and -2V reference voltage (R+ and R-) are provided to allow external potentiometers to generate the amplifier inputs. The amplifier outputs use a novel low-noise differential architecture that cannot be connected to ground, for example, to the ground lead of an earthed oscilloscope.

PDu150 Block Diagram

Offset Voltage Configuration

The offset voltage can be set from either the internal potentiometer or by an external source by configuring the jumper LK1 to either “Internal” or “External”. When using the internal offset source, the offset voltage is set by connecting a multimeter across the output and varying the potentiometer until the desired offset is obtained.

In the external offset mode, the offset voltage is determined by the voltage applied to the OS pin. The offset voltage can be set to zero by grounding the OS pin, which is the standard configuration.

Using the Reference Voltages

A precision +10V and -2V reference voltage (R+ and R-) is provided to allow an external potentiometer to generate the amplifier input, as shown below. Multiple potentiometers can be used for multiple channels. The 10uF capacitor reduces the noise bandwidth but is not strictly necessary. The capacitor should preferably be a film type but ceramic is acceptable in most applications.

Ref Volt Lg

Using the Reference Voltages

Output Current

The peak output current is 100mA per channel or 300mA for three channels in parallel. In addition, the maximum average current is 35mA per amplifier. The average current is useful for calculating the power dissipation and average supply current. For a sine wave, the average positive output current is equal to  Outcurr

Supply Current

The quiescent power for the amplifier is approximately 2 W or 85 mA. This can be reduced to <10 mA by pulling the Enable pin low with an open collector circuit. If the fan is used, the quiescent power is increased by 0.5W,


where Iav is the total average output current. The maximum supply current is 0.9A at full power.

Power Bandwidth

The power bandwidth is the maximum frequency periodic signal that can be reproduced without distortion. The calculator determines the maximum operating frequency and required power for a given load capacitance. The calculator includes the effects of current limit, slew-rate, output impedance, and signal bandwidth. The calculator does not include the time-constant of the peak current limit, and may be inaccurate when the power bandwidth is below 100 Hz. (Click Icon)

keypad_sm Calculate Power Bandwidth PDu150

The nominal slew-rate of the PDu150 is 38 V/us. Therefore, the maximum frequency sine-wave is Pwrbwdth1

With a capacitive load, the power bandwidth is limited by the output current. The maximum frequency sine wave is Pwrbwdth2where Ipk is the peak current limit, VL(p?p) is the peak-to-peak output voltage, and CL is the effective load capacitance. Note that when all channels are connected in parallel, the output current and power bandwidth are tripled. In this scenario, the calculator for the PDu150CL will predict performance.

Small Signal Bandwidth

Small signal frequency response
Small signal bandwidth versus load capacitance (-3dB)
Load Cap.Bandwidth
No Load 180 kHz
10 nF 105 kHz
30 nF 40 kHz
100 nF 11 kHz
300 nF 3.8 kHz
1 uF 1 kHz
3 uF 320 Hz
10 uF 62 Hz
30 uF 24 Hz

Small signal bandwidth (-3dB)


The output noise contains a low frequency component (0.03 Hz to 10 Hz) that is independent of the load capacitance; and a high frequency component (10 Hz to 1 MHz) that is inversely related to the load capacitance. Optimal noise performance is achieved with passive cooling as magnetic fields from the fan can induce mV level interference in the outputs. In low noise applications, where the fan is removed, some external air-flow is required if the power dissipation is above 5W, refer to Heat Dissipation.

The low frequency noise is measured with an SR560 low-noise amplifier (Gain = 1000), oscilloscope, and Agilent 34461A Voltmeter. The low-frequency noise is plotted below. The RMS value is 15 uV with a peak-to-peak voltage of 100 uV.

The high frequency noise (10 Hz to 1 MHz) is listed in the table on the right versus load capacitance. The total noise from 0.03 Hz to 1 MHz can be found by square summing the RMS values, that is  HF Noise

Low frequency noise from 0.03 Hz to 10 Hz.
High Frequency Noise (10 Hz to 1 MHz) and Total Noise (0.03 Hz to 1 MHz)
Load Cap.HF Noise RMSTotal Noise RMS
10 nF 450 uV 450 uV
30 nF 170 uV 171 uV
100 nF 60 uV 62 uV
300 nF 34 uV 37 uV
1 uF 21 uV 26 uV
3 uF 16 uV 23 uV
10 uF 16 uV 22 uV
30 uF 18 uV 23 uV

High Frequnecy Noise (10 Hz to 1 MHz) and Total Noise (0.03 Hz to 1 MHz)

Overload Protection / Shutdown

The PDu150 is protected against short-circuit and average current overload. The amplifier can be shutdown manually by pulling the Enable pin low with an open-collector, or open-drain circuit. The Enable pin normally floats at 5V and should not be driven directly.

Heat Dissipation

The heat dissipation is approximately Heat Diss 1

For example, with a sinusoidal output, the power is Heat Diss 2

A straight-forward method for measuring heat-dissipation is to measure the supply current with a multimeter during operation. The heat dissipation is equal to the product of DC current and voltage.

In low-noise and low-power applications where it is desirable to remove the fan, natural convection is sufficient if the heat dissipation is less than 5W. If the heat dissipation is above 5W, an external air-flow of 5 CFM is recommended. To avoid interference, external fans should be located further than 80mm from the module.


This device produces hazardous potentials and should be used by suitably qualified personnel. Do not operate the device when there are exposed conductors. Parts of the circuit may store charge so precautions must also be taken when the device is not powered.

Test Procedures

  • See the PDF datasheet for a basic manual test procedure.
  • Each PDu150 is extensively tested before shipping using an automated test system. A printed test report is included with each delivered module. An electronic test report, and raw test data can be obtained by contacting PiezoDrive.

Trouble Shooting Notes

  • The most common perceived issues with the PDu150 are due to incorrect measurement of the output voltages. The PDu150 output is differential, and the negative outputs (1-, 2-, and 3-) cannot be connected to ground. To measure the output voltage use a battery powered multimeter to measure the voltage between 1+ and 1-, for example.
  • To measure the output voltage with an oscilloscope, connect the oscilloscope ground to the PDu150 ground (any G pin), and connect the probe to either the 1+, 2+, or 3+ output. The actual voltage across the load is double what is being measured, which can be accounted for manually, or by doubling the probe sensitivity in the oscilloscope settings, e.g. change the probe sensitivity from 10x to 20x. Do not connect the oscilloscope ground to the 1-, 2-, or 3- terminals.


The mounting posts accept M2.5 screws.

The PCB mounting version (PDu150-PCB) is designed to be mounted onto a host motherboard. The only difference is the screw terminals are replaced by headers (Harwin M20-9991045 and M20-9990845) mounted on the bottom side of the module. The recommended PCB hole size for the pins is 1 mm. An Altium schematic and footprint library is available for download.

Click here to download 3D Model


Request a quote for this product by sending an e-mail through "Request for Quote" referencing the  part number or by calling us at 814-861-5688 (8:30am to 5:30pm EST).

More Information

101 Innovation Blvd. Suite 308
State College, PA 16803, USA
Ph: (814)-861-5688