Micromechatronics, Inc. (MMech)

www.mmech.com - Ph: 814-861-5688

PX200 - 140W Voltage Amplifier

Piezoelectric Drivers

PX200 V2 med

pdf-icon_sm PX200-V2 Users Manual

keypad_sm Calculate Power Bandwidth



Electrical Specifications
 Output Voltage Ranges 100Vp-p 150Vp-p 200Vp-p
 RMS Current 3.1 A 2.0 A 1.5 A
 Pulse Current 8.0 A 8.0 A 8.0 A
 Power Bandwidth 110 kHz 93 kHz 55 kHz
 Gain 20 V/V
 Slew Rate 35 V/us
 Signal Bandwidth 390 kHz
 Max Power 140 W Dissipation
  Offset 0V to Full Range with front panel adjustment
 Load Stable with any load
 Noise 150 uV RMS (10 uF Load, 0.03 Hz to 1 MHz)
 Overload Continuous short-circuit, thermal
 Voltage Monitor 1/20 V/V (BNC)
 Current Monitor 1 V/A (BNC)
 Analog Input Signal input (BNC, Zin = 48.7k)
 Output Connectors LEMO 0B, LEMO 00, Screw Terminals
 Power Supply 90 Vac to 250 Vac
Mechanical Specifications
 Environment 0 - 40 C (32-104 F), Non-condensing humidity
 Dimensions 212 x 304.8 x 88 mm (8.35 x 12 x 3.46 in)
 Weight 2 kg (4.4 lb)


The PX200 is a low-noise voltage amplifier designed to drive capacitive and other loads from DC to hundreds of kHz. The output voltage range can be unipolar, bipolar, or asymmetric with a peak-to-peak value of between 50V and 200V. Two amplifiers can be connected in bridge-mode to provide ±200V or +400V. The amplifier will deliver up to 4 Amps peak with a sinusoidal output, or up to 8 Amps peak for pulse applications.

The amplifier is compact, light-weight, and can be powered from any mains supply. The output connectors include LEMO 00, LEMO 0B, and 4mm Banana Jacks so many commercially available piezoelectric stack actuators can be directly connected. The PX200 is suited to a wide range of applications including: electro-optics, ultrasonics, vibration control, nanopositioning systems, and piezoelectric motors.

Output Voltage Range

The desired output voltage range is specified when ordering. The default output range is 0V to +200V (PX200-V0,200). The available voltage ranges and associated current limits are listed below.

Voltage Range RMS Current Peak Currente Order Code
0V to +200 1.5A 2.0A PX200-V0,200
0V to +150 2.0A 4.0 PX200-V0,150
0V to +100 3.1A 4.0A PX200-V0,100
0V to +50 3.1A 8.0A PX200-V0,50
-50V to +50 3.1A 4.0A PX200-V50,50
-50V to +100 2.0A 4.0A PX200-V50,100
-50V to +150 1.5A 2.0A PX200-V50,150
-100V to +50 2.0A 4.0A PX200-V100,50
100V to +100 1.5A 2.0A PX200-V100,100
-100V to 0 3.1A 4.0A PX200-V100,0
-150V to 0 2.0A 4.0A PX200-V150,0
-200V to 0 1.5A 2.0A PX200-V200,0
Voltage Range Configurations

Output Current

The PX200 has a peak and average current limits as described in Table 1. The RMS current limit defines the maximum frequency that is achievable with a capacitive load. This topic is discussed in “Power Bandwidth”.

During short-circuit the output current is limited to the rated maximum. The peak current can be drawn for up to five milliseconds before the output is disabled for three seconds. The average current limit has a time-constant of ten milliseconds and is reset 50 milliseconds after a previous current pulse. This behaviour is described in “Overload and Shutdown”.

Pulse Current Option

For applications that require a high peak current, the peak current limit can be increased to 8 Amps by appending the order code with “-PULSE”, e.g. “PX200-V0,200-PULSE”. In this configuration, the average current limit remains the same; however, the peak current limit is increased to 8 Amps and the maximum pulse duration is reduced to the time listed in Table 2. The voltage span is the peak-to-peak output voltage range, e.g. the voltage span for the -50V to +150V range is 200V .

Voltage Span Pulse Current Pulse Time
200V 8A 150us
150V 8A 200us
100V 8A 300us
50V 8A 300us
Maximum peak current duration in the pulse configuration

For a current pulse that is less than the peak current limit, the maximum pulse duration is described in the Figure below


PX200 Max Pulse Dur med

Maximum pulse duration versus peak current and voltage span

Power Bandwidth

keypad_sm Calculate Power Bandwidth

With a capacitive load, the RMS current for a sine-wave is   PX200 RMS Current

where Vpp is the peak-to-peak output voltage, C is the load capacitance and f is the frequency. Therefore, the maximum frequency for a given RMS current limit Irms, capacitance, and voltage isPX200 Max Freq

The above equation is also true for any periodic waveform, including triangle waves and square waves. This property arises since the amplifier detects average current, which not affected by the waveform shape.

The ‘power bandwidth’ is the maximum frequency at full output voltage. When the amplifier output is open-circuit, the power bandwidth is limited by the slew-rate; however, with a capacitive load, the maximum frequency is limited by the RMS current and load capacitance. The power bandwidth for a range of capacitive loads is listed below.

Load Capacitance 50V Range 100V Range 150V Range 200V Range
10 nF 222 kHz* 111 kHz* 74 kHz* 55 kHz*
30 nF 222 kHz* 111 kHz* 74 kHz* 55 kHz*
100 nF 222 kHz* 111 kHz* 62 kHz 35 kHz
300 nF 93 kHz 46 kHz 20 kHz 11 kHz
1 uF 28 kHz 14 kHz 6.2 kHz 3.5 kHz
3 uF 9.3 kHz 4.6 kHz 2.0 kHz 1.1 kHz
10 uF 2.8 kHz 1.4 kHz 60 Hz 350 Hz
30 uF 930 Hz 460 Hz 200 Hz 117 Hz
Power bandwidth versus load capacitance and output voltage span

In the above table, the frequencies limited by slew-rate are marked with an asterisk. The slew-rate is approximately 35 V/uS which implies a maximum frequency ofPX200 Slew Max Freq

Small Signal Bandwidth

The small-signal frequency response and -3 dB bandwidth is described in the Figures below

SM Signal Freq resp Med

Small signal frequency response for a range of load capacitances.
Load CapBandwidth
10 nf 393 kHz
30 nf 431 kHz
100 nf 367 kHz
300 nf 208 kHz
1 uf 88 kHz
3 uf 30 kHz
10 uf 9.3 kHz
30 uf 3.7 kHz
110 uf 1.3 kHz
Small signal bandwidth versus load capacitance (-3dB)


The output voltage noise contains a low frequency component (0.03 Hz to 20 Hz) that is independent of the load capacitance; and a high frequency (20 Hz to 1 MHz) component that is approximately inversely proportional to the load capacitance.

The noise is measured with an SR560 low-noise amplifier (Gain = 1000), oscilloscope, and Agilent 34461A Voltmeter. The low-frequency noise is plotted in the figure below. The RMS value is 120 uV with a peak-to-peak voltage of 600 uV.

PX200 Low Freq Noise Med

Low frequency noise from 0.03 Hz to 20 Hz

The high frequency noise (20 Hz to 1 MHz) is listed in the table below versus load capacitance. The total RMS noise from 0.03 Hz to 1 MHz is found by summing the RMS values, that is SSBWFor a load capacitance of less than 1 uF, the noise is primarily broadband thermal noise; however, for a capacitance of greater than 1 uF, the noise is primarily due to low-frequency noise.

Load Cap.BandwidthHF Noise RMSTotal Noise RMS
10 nf 393 kHz 530 uV 543 uV
30 nF 431 kHz 586 uV 598 uV
100 nF 367 kHz 689 uV 699 uV
300 nF 208 kHz 452 uV 468 uV
1 uF 88 kHz 261 uV 287 uV
3 uF 30 kHz 106 uV 160 uV
10 uF 9.3 kHz 56 uV 132 uV
30 uF 3.7 kHz 52 uV 131 uV
100 uF 1.3 kHz 47 uV 129 uV
RMS noise versus load capacitance (0.03 Hz to 1 MHz)

Front Panel

Front Panel PX200 med

Power   Power On/Off
Offset   Adds a DC offset to the input signal
Input Input Input signal ( +/-15V max)
Voltage Monitor Output The measured output voltage, scaled by 1/20
Current Monitor Output The measured output current, 1 A/V
Input+ Input Internally connected to the centre pin of the Input BNC connector
Input- Input Internally connected to the shield of the Input BNC connector
Volt Mon Output Internally connected to the Voltage Monitor BNC Output
Current Mon Output Internally connected to the Voltage Monitor BNC Output
Shutdown Input A voltage from +2V to +24V (relative to Input-) disables the amplifier
Overload Out Output +5V output when the amplifier is disabled or in overload state
Voltage Limits   Limits the maximum negative and positive output voltage
Overload   RED when the amplifier is disabled or in an overload state
Power   GREEN when the power is on
HV- Output Connected to the negative high-voltage power supply rail
HV+ Output Connected to the positive high-voltage power supply rail
Output- Output High-voltage output signal return (used to measure current)
Output+ Output High-voltage output signal
LEMO 00 Output Output High-voltage output connector, suits LEMO FFA.00.250 cable plug
LEMO 0B Output Output High-voltage output connector, suits LEMO FGG.0B.302 cable plug
DC Output Volt.   Display showing average output voltage
Input polarity configuration

Amplifier Configuration

The amplifier can be configured with an inverting, or non-inverting input, and a gain of either 20 or 10.

Amplifier ConfigurationOrder CodeNotes
Non-inverting   (default)
Inverting -INV  
Gain = 20   (default)
Gain=10 -Gain 10  
Amplifier configuration

The DC offset control is configurable with a positive range, or a bipolar range. The front panel potentiometer can be disabled by enabling a PCB mounted trim-pot.

Offset ConfigurationOrder CodeNotes
0V to +200V Range (default)   (default)
+/- 200V Offset Range -OR2  
Front panel source   (default)
PCB trim-pot source -OS2 Disables front panel adjustment
Offset configuration

Bridged Mode

In bridged mode, two amplifiers are connected in series to double the output voltage range and power. For example, the Figure below shows the configuration to obtain ±200V across the load. A ±5V signal applied to both inputs produces ±200V across the load. In bridged mode, only the Output+ terminal from each amplifier is used, the negative output terminal is not connected. Since there is no current returning through the negative terminal, the current monitor is disabled; however, the overload and protection features are unaffected. Common bridged-mode configurations are listed in the Table below.


Bridge Mode PX200 med2

Bridge mode configuration for obtaining ±200V
Load Voltage RMS Current Positive Amp Negative Amp
200V 1.5 A PX200-V100,100 PX200-V100,100-INV
100V 3.1 A PX200-V50,50 PX200-V50,50-INV
0V to 200V 3.1 A PX200-V0,100 PX200-V100,0-INV
0V to 300V 2.0 A PX200-V0,150 PX200-V150,0-INV
0V to 400V 1.5 A PX200-V0,200 PX200-V200,0-INV
Common bridge-mode configurations

Overload Protection

The amplifier is protected against short-circuit, over-current, and excessive temperature. During these conditions, the front panel overload indicator will illuminate and the Overload Out signal is +5V. During an overload or shutdown state, the output is partially disabled and may float at approximately 50% of the voltage range. When the amplifier is switched on, the overload protection circuit is engaged by default and clears after three seconds. The amplifier can be shut down by an external source by applying a voltage of between +2V and +24V to the Shutdown input (relative to Input-). The impedance of the shutdown input is approximately 5 kΩ.


The PX200 has a side air intake and rear exhaust, which can not be obstructed. If sufficient airflow is not available, the amplifier will enter a thermal overload state as discussed in “Overload and Shutdown”.

The PX200 can be installed in a 19-inch x 2U rack space using the PX200-Rack1 kit. Two amplifiers can also be installed in a side-by-side configuration using the PX200-Rack2 kit.


PiezoDrive amplifiers are guaranteed for a period of 3 months. The warranty does not cover damage due to misuse or incorrect user configuration of the amplifier.

Previous Versions

Hardware VersionManufacturedManual
V1 2014-2017 Download User Manual

More Information

200 Innovation Blvd. Suite 155
State College, PA 16803, USA
Ph: (814)-861-5688
Fax: (814)-861-1418